Challenger and Duesenberg

Historic Vehicle Association Announces Two Vehicles Added to the National Historic Vehicle Register for 2020

Celebrating Pedigree and Performance

View the Vehicles

Washington, D.C. (October 28, 2020) – The Historic Vehicle Association (HVA) announces the 27th and 28th vehicles to be added to the National Historic Vehicle Register:

No. 27

1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight (the “Castle Duesenberg”)
Courtesy of the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum (Auburn, Indiana)

No. 28

1970 Dodge Challenger R/T SE (the “Qualls Challenger”)
Courtesy of the Qualls family

Link to Video: 2020 National Historic Vehicle Register Inductees

Link to Photos:
1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight
1970 Dodge Challenger R/T SE

Follow along on our HVA YouTube channel for upcoming driving footage and documentaries featuring each of these historic automobiles:

November 11

Documentary video - 1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight

November 18

Driving experience video - 1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight

December 16

Documentary video - 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T SE

December 23

Driving experience video - 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T SE

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2020 National Historic Vehicle Register Inductees

2020 National Historic Vehicle Register Inductees

HVA announces two vehicles to be added the 2020 National Historic Vehicle Register. A 1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight and a 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T SE will be added to the permanent archives of the Library of Congress.  

1921 DUESENBERG STRAIGHT EIGHT – Castle Duesenberg
2020 marks the 100th anniversary of the famed Duesenberg Automobile and Motors Company, Inc. Engineers and race car builders, August and Fred Duesenberg launched the company with their Straight Eight – later known as the Model A. Built in Indianapolis, IN, the Duesenberg brand would become synonymous with absolute automotive excellence, opulence, and engineering.

The company’s first ever production car was custom ordered by the Hawaiian industrialist Samuel Northrup Castle in 1919. After delayed production, he took possession in 1921 and would become the first owner of a Duesenberg passenger car.

Featuring custom coachwork by the Bender Body Company of Cleveland, Ohio this vehicle’s ultra-spacious interior was produced specifically for Mr. Castle’s seven-foot-tall stature. A host of mechanical advances for the time included four-wheel hydraulic brakes and the industry’s first overhead cam straight-eight-cylinder passenger car engine.

The Castle Duesenberg remained in Samuel Castle’s possession until his death in 1959 when ownership was transferred to his nephew, James Christian Castle, and the car was transported to San Francisco and placed into storage. James C. Castle Jr. (Chris), and his wife CyrAnn became owners of the car in 1994. In 2010 the couple commissioned an intensive 10,000-hour frame-off restoration of the car to its 1920s splendor. The 1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight remained in the Castle family for virtually 100 years until the decision was made in to entrust the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum with its future stewardship.

“This gift to the museum is one of the most significant donations to the collection in the 46-year history of the museum,” states Brandon J. Anderson, Executive Director & CEO of the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum. “To have the Castle Duesenberg placed on the HVA’s National Historic Vehicle Register means the story of this iconic vehicle will continue to be shared for hundreds of years to come.”

Completely unrestored, save a few maintenance items, this Challenger has just over 45K original miles. Combined with its unique preserved state, fascinating Detroit story and desirable option configuration, it is among the most coveted cars from the era of horsepower and muscle.

In 1969, 27-year-old, combat veteran, Purple Heart recipient and Detroit Police Officer, Godfrey Qualls special ordered this 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T SE. Qualls checked virtually every option when configuring his ultimate muscle car; 426 HEMI engine, the “Super Track Pak” featuring a four-speed manual transmission with a floor mounted Hurst pistol grip shifter, Dana 60 rear-end with 4.10 gears and Sure-Grip differential, the SE or “Special Edition” trim and interior package, “bumble bee” white stripe on the tail, hood pins, houndstooth interior and a gator grain black vinyl top. It is one of just 23 four-speed Hemi R/T SE Challengers built in the model’s debut year and is likely the only Challenger with this unique configuration of performance and trim options.

Qualls took delivery of the high-performance one of a kind Challenger in December 1969 and used it as his daily driver. When Qualls wasn’t on duty riding his police Harley-Davidson, he put the HEMI to the test street racing in Detroit. Rarely bested, the traffic cop by day maintained a low profile and would seemingly disappear for months at a time between unsanctioned drag runs down Woodward or Telegraph. Due to his elusive antics, fellow Detroit street racers dubbed the sinister and mysterious Challenger the “black ghost.”

Towards the end of the ‘70s though, busy serving his country, community and family, the Challenger found rest in the family garage for over two decades. In 2016, after Godfrey Qualls’ passing, his son Gregory worked with friends and family to bring the car back to life as a tribute to his father.

“My father would be thrilled that not only is the car is in running condition but also going on the National Historic Vehicle Register,” said Gregory Qualls. “One day I hope to pass it on to my son to continue to share and enjoy.”

“We believe the history of the automobile is worth saving, and the human-interest stories behind the horsepower are worth telling,” said Diane Parker, Vice President of the Historic Vehicle Association. “In addition to cultural and historical impact, these one-owner examples tell a rich family legacy.”

About the Historic Vehicle Association
The HVA is dedicated to preserving and sharing America’s automotive heritage for future generations. The HVA established the National Historic Vehicle Register in partnership with the U.S. Department of the Interior, Heritage Documentation Programs and Library of Congress, respectively, to document historically significant automobiles in America’s past. Please visit:

The HVA’s National Historic Vehicle Register program is made possible through its parent company, Hagerty. In part, Hagerty is geared toward enabling and enhancing the experience of automotive enthusiasts and making sure that the vehicles we love – and the lifestyles that revolve around them – don’t just survive but thrive well into the future.

Steve Keyes
Communications Director

M +1 (248) 952-7022
E [email protected]

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